Bacska, Bluestem, and Pedigree No. 2

We are working hard in our test plot to grow out several promising varieties of wheat that were significant to Wisconsin's past.  Although these varieties are not available for sale yet, we will be selling them as soon as we have sufficient quantities.



  • Wisconsin Pedigree No. 2 is a selection of Turkey Red developed at the University of Wisconsin in the 'teens of the last Century.  We were astounded when this variety developed red stems just before harvest.  Red stems are a trait of Turkey Red that goes back to the Krymki wheat in the area of modern Ukraine from which Turkey Red was selected in the 1870s.  To learn more about our work with Wisconsin Pedigree No. 2, you can read "A Seed Story," which was published in Rural Heritage Magazine in the Spring of 2017.

  • Bacska is a hard red winter wheat collected in Budapest in 1905 and grown out at the University of Wisconsin shortly thereafter.  The Agricultural Testing Station of the University did extensive testing on Bacska, and in 1919 Bacska was recommended as a leading bread wheat for Wisconsin.  We sourced our Bacska from the USDA Small Grains Collection and the Australian Winter Cereals Collection.

  • Haynes Bluestem is a spring wheat developed in Minnesota around 1895.  Bluestem wheats had been grown as winter wheat in the Eastern United States prior to that time.  When bluestem was taken to the harsher conditions of the plains, it was grown as a spring wheat.  Mr. LH Haynes selected two heads of Bluestem in 1884 and began growing it out in his garden.  By 1895 this variety was being distributed as Haynes Bluestem, and it was grown in Minnesota, North and South Dakota, and Wisconsin.  At that time it was considered an excellent milling and bread making wheat.